In March 1835, 28 white students and 14 black students commenced classes at the newly established Noyes Academy. On August 10, 1835, white residents of Canaan, with the help of neighboring towns and "nearly 100 yoke of oxen," forcibly removed Noyes Academy from its foundation. Later, the community would be a stop on the Underground Railroad.
Canaan was the site of a famous train wreck on September 15, 1907. Four miles north of Canaan Station, the southbound Quebec to Boston express, heavily loaded with passengers returning from the Sherbrooke Fair, collided head-on with a northbound Boston & Maine freight train. Twenty-five people perished, and an equal number were seriously injured. Cause of the accident was "due to a mistake in train dispatcher's orders."
On June 2, 1923, another disaster destroyed the heart of Canaan Village (East Canaan). The Great Canaan Fire burned 48 homes and businesses.
Population (2008): 3,585
|Total Area: 53.2 square miles|
|Past Growth: +8.0%||Tax Rate:|
|Population Density: 67 people per square mile|
|Median Family Income (2008): $53,322||Town Clerk: 603-523-7106
|Median House Value (2008): $200,880||
Town Website: www.townofcanaannh.us
Information obtained from the town of Enfield website and City-Data.com